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Osteosarcoma is an aggressive malignant primary bone cancer. Staging in Osteosarcoma is different than other types of cancers. Instead of using stages one through four, it is categorized as localized (only one tumor) or metastatic.
High-grade means fast growing and aggressive. Metastatic means there are two or more areas of disease. The word metastatic describes that the osteosarcoma has moved from its primary location to a secondary location in the body.
Bone metastasis describes that the osteosarcoma has moved from its primary location to a secondary bone location in the body.
Chemotherapy, surgery, limb salvage surgery, amputation, radiation therapy, cryoablation (freezing), immunotherapy are all methods of controlling the spread of cancer and killing current cancer cells.
A PET scan is routinely used in conjunction with other scans (MRIs, CT scans, X-Ray) in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. It allows doctors to see better abnormal activity associated with cancer along with details on the location and size.
Surgical removal of an osteosarcoma nodule/tumor in the lung.
In Sheridan’s case, the chemotherapy drug doxorubicin damaged his heart function.
Osteosarcoma can happen at any age, but the most common diagnosis is in children and young adults. Given its rarity, with about 800 cases diagnosed in a year in the US, there are few osteosarcoma specialists, and many are pediatric oncologists. This cancer is underfunded, understudied and there has been no progress in treatments in the last 40+ years.
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